Imunisasi Posyandu Pkk

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    Dr Siti Aisyah IsmailIMANI-PROKAMI

    MELAWANMITOS

    BAHAYA

    IMUNISASI

    Drag pit!r" t#pla"h#l$"r #rli% i#& t# a$$

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    + R"s!m" Si&g%at

    Nama' Dr Siti Aisyah IsmailTTL' (#h#r) *+ O%t#,"r ./.

    P"&$i$i%a&'

    P"&$i$i%a& $asar $a& m"&"&gah $i P!sat P"&$i$i%a& Islam Al-

    Ami&) K!ala L!mp!r S 0a%!ltas K"$#%t"ra& U&i1"rsitas I&$#&"sia) (a%arta

    Mahasis2a S* 0a%!ltas K"s"hata& Masyara%at UI) D"p#%

    A%ti1itas'

    D#%t"r Um!m PNS s"lama / tah!& $i P!s%"smas $a& R!mahSa%it $i K!ala L!mp!r

    P"&g!r!s P!sat PROKAMI 3P"rhimp!&a& Pr#4"si K"s"hata&M!slim I&$#&"sia5) t"rli,at $alam ,","rapa pr#y"% s"p"rtip"&!lisa& ,!%!) p"&y!l!ha& $a& p"&$i$i%a& %"s"hata&) $ll

    Ma&ag"r $i Ima&i Primary 6ar"

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    +P"&$ah!l!a&

    7S"s!&gg!h&ya #ra&g ya&g pali&g ,ai% ya&g "&g%a! am,il s",agai p"%"r8aialah #ra&g ya&g %!at $a& $apat $ip"raya9: Al-;ashash' *"l$ p$ tah!& ..@t"r,!%ti pals!9 (!r&al Th" La&"t m"&ari% ,ali%ma%alah ,"lia!9 Ma%alah $"tail t"&ta&g%",#h#&ga& p"&"litia&&ya $it"r,it%a& $i BritishM"$ial (#!r&al9

    F #ra&g $ari * #ra&g tim p"&"liti ,"lia!m"&ari% $iri

    K#&sil K"$#%t"ra& I&ggris m"m"at Wa%">"l$$a& STR&ya $ia,!t

    T"ra%hir $i%"tah!i ,"lia! t"rli,at $alam %#&Gi%

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    +Mit#s *' a%si& m"&ga&$!&g

    L#gam B"r,ahaya $a& Ra!&Etil m"r%!ri ya&g t"r%a&$!&g $alam1a%si& ,"rt!8!a& s",agai p"&ga2"t

    t"rha$ap ,a%t"ri $a& 8am!r9

    Etil m"r%!ri) al!mi&i!m $a& 4#rmali&$ihasil%a& s"ara alami #l"h t!,!h)%a&$!&ga&&ya $i $alam ASI $a& $arah

    8a!h l",ih ti&ggi $aripa$a 1a%si&

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    Papara& t"rha$ap M"r%!ri$alam < ,!la& p"rtama %"hi$!pa&

    Breast Milk Vaccine Breast Milk Influenza

    0

    20

    40

    60

    80

    100

    120

    Chart Title

    Source

    Milligrams

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    Papara& t"rha$ap Al!mi&i!m$alam < ,!la& p"rtama %"hi$!pa&

    Breast Milk ormula So! ormula Vaccines0

    20

    40

    60

    80

    100

    120

    Chart Title

    Source

    Milligrams

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    +ai&" Sa4"ty'

    0r#m R"s"arh t# Pr#$!ti#&

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    + Mit#s +' Im!&isasi Bagia&$ari K#&spirasi Yah!$i

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    +P"r,a&$i&ga& 6a%!pa& Im!&isasi

    B","rapa N"gara Tah!& *F*

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    +Ti&8a!a& S"8arah Im!&isasi

    A%hir a,a$ %"-@ sampai %"-*F) 2a,ah smallp#3aar ari#la5 m"m,!&!h FF 8!ta #ra&g9P"&y",a, p"&ya%it i&i a$alah 1ir!s 1ari#la9

    La$y Mary M#&tag!") istri $!ta ,"sar I&ggris %"T!r%i m"&gamati t"%&i% i%!lasi ya&g m"&8a$itra$isi p"&$!$!% T!r%i) ya&g m"&y",a,%a& m"r"%am"&8a$i %",al t"rha$ap 8a&g%ita& 1ari#la

    K"ti%a %"m,ali $i I&ggris) ,"lia! m"mi&ta parailm!2a& !&t!% m"&"liti pra%ti% i&i

    Pa$a tah!& /.< E$2ar$ ("&&"r m"mp!,li%asi%a&

    t"%&i% i%!lasi) lal! $i%"&al s",agai Bapa Im!&isasi

    !s m

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    !s mSi"&ti>H"ritag"

    Ora&g T!r%i m"&$apati ,ah2a ,ila

    m"r"%a m"la%!%a& i%!lasi $ari

    #2p#) m"r"%a a%a& %",al

    t"rha$ap smallp#9 T"%&i%

    1a%si&asi i&i sampai %" I&ggris

    m"lal!i La$y M#&tag!) istri $!ta,"sar I&ggris %" Ista&,!l9 B"lia!

    m"&gii&%a& i%!lasi t"rha$ap

    a&a%&ya a&tara tah!& /

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    Lith>"l$ M#&!m"&t

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    +Mit#s C' a%si& M"&ga&$!&g Ba,iHa&ya a$a + 1a%si& ya&g m"&gg!&a%a&

    "&im tripsi& $ari s!m,"r ,a,i' a%si&m"&i&gitis) 1a%si& r#ta1ir!s $a& 1a%si& p#li#

    S!m,"r ,a,i $ipilih %ar"&a ama& $ari

    transmissible spongiform encephalopathyE&im tripsi& $ig!&a%a& s",agai %atalis

    $alam pr#s"s pa&"& 1a%si& $ari %!lt!r s"l$"&ga& ara m"m,"lah pr#t"i& m"&8a$i !&it-!&it %"il

    Ha&ya s"$i%it 8!mlah&ya ya&g $ip"rl!%a&$alam pr#s"s i&i9 E&im t"rs",!t lal!

    $ipisah%a& $"&ga& pr#s"s !ltra>ltrasi9 Hasil

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    + La,"l Halal a%si& M"&i&gitis

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    + S"rti>%at Halal a%si& R#ta1ir!s

    l l % i li

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    + 0at2a Halal a%si& P#li#

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    + Mit#s ' Sa%it S"ara AlamiL",ih Bai% $ari Diim!&isasi

    S"s"#ra&g m"&8a$i %",al t"rha$ap p"&ya%it m"lal!i $!aara' i&4"%si alamiah $a& im!&isasi

    Im!&isasi m"r!pa%a& s",!ah ara !&t!% m"li&$!&gima&!sia $ari p"&ya%it ,"r,ahaya s","l!m m"r"%a $it!lari

    p"&ya%it t"rs",!t s"ara alami9 Im!&isasi m"m,"&t!%%"%",ala& t!,!h t"rha$ap i&4"%si #l"h %!ma& p"&ya%itya&g sp"si>% ya&g 4atal ata! m"&y",a,%a& aat

    p"rma&"&

    a%si& ti$a% m"m,",a&%a& sist"m im!&9 Sist"m im!&a&a% t"rpapar ri,!a& a&tig"& s"tiap hari) l",ih ,a&ya% $ari%#m,i&asi 1a%si& apap!&9 A&tig"& $alam 1a%si&

    m"r!pa%a& %!ma& ya&g $il"mah%a& s"hi&gga ia ti$a%,"r!paya m"&im,!l%a& g"8ala p"&ya%it tapi !%!p %!at

    !&t!% m"ra&gsa&g p"m,"&t!%a& a&ti,#$i

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    + 6ara K"r8a a%si&

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    +E4"% Sampi&g

    sRi&ga&

    (ara&g

    Hampir ti$a%m"m,!t!h%a&p"ra2ata&

    K#mpli%asiP"&ya%it

    B"rat

    P"&ya%it ,isa ,"rla&8!tm"&8a$i %#mpli%asi

    Biaya p"ra2ata&

    i&t"&si4 mahal

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    + K#mpli%asi P"&ya%it

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    +Mit#s

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    + Sist"m K"%",ala& T!,!h

    Im!&itas N#&-sp"si>%M"li&$!&gi t!,!h $ari %!ma& &-sp"si>%9M"&8aga t!,!h agar t"tap s"hat s"ara!m!m9 Bisa $i$apat $ari ma%a&a& ya&g

    ,"rgii) s!m,"r air ya&g ,"rsih) m"&8aga%","rsiha& li&g%!&ga&) ASI) $ll

    Im!&itas Sp"si>%

    K"%",ala& t"rha$ap i&4"%si %!ma& ya&gsp"si>% s"p"rti aar) p#li#) $i4t"ri)m"&i&gitis p&"!m##al) t"ta&!s) h"patitisB) $ll9 Ha&ya ,isa $i$apat $ari 1a%si&asi ata!

    pa8a&a& t"rha$ap p"&ya%it s"ara alamiah

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    +K"%",ala& K#m!&itas

    Di%"&al 8!ga $"&ga& istilah Herd Immunity

    (i%a a%!pa& im!&isasi $alam sat!%#m!&itas m"&apai @F-.J) a&gg#ta%#m!&itas t"rs",!t a%a& m"&$apatp"rli&$!&ga& FFJ

    M"m,"ri ma&4aat p"rli&$!&ga& !&t!%

    a&gg#ta %#m!&itas ya&g ti$a% $apat$iim!&isasi s"p"rti ,ayi ya&g ,"l!m2a%t!&ya $iim!&isasi) la&sia) #ra&g $"&ga&

    %#&$isi immuno-compromised) p"&ya&$a&gHI AIDS "& i$a %a&%"r a& s"$a&

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    +K#&s"p P"&"gaha& P"&ya%it

    Pr"1"&ti4 l",ih ,ai% $ari %!rati4L",ih m!rah

    L",ih "4"%ti4

    L",ih ">si"& Im!&isasi m"r!pa%a& sara&a p"&"gaha&

    p"&ya%it ya&g sa&gat "4"%ti4 $i ,i$a&g PublicHealth

    o Elimi&asi smallp# s"ara gl#,al pa$a tah!&.@F

    o Kita s"$a&g $i am,a&g "ra$i%asi p#li# 3I&$iat"lah $i&yata%a& ,",as P#li# *FC) ha&yam"&!& ! Ni "ria $a& A4 ha&ista&5

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    6a%!pa& Im!&isasi R"&$ah

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    6a%!pa& Im!&isasi R"&$ahM"&i&g%at%a& A&g%a K"sa%ita&

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    Wa,ah M"asl"s $i Wal"s) *F+

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    Im!&isasi B"rhasil M"&g"limi&asi P"&ya%it$a& M"&y"lamat%a& Nya2a

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    +M"&"gah P"&ya%it

    6$7